The evil eye is something which has been believed in many religions, cultures and societies for centuries. Islam is no different, indeed our Religion has recognised the existence of evil eye and has given us means from the Quran and Sunnah to combat its negative effects.
The first question which arises is: ‘what is evil eye?’ The evil eye is where a person harms another through the use of his eyes. He will envy a person, or the bounties which Allah has bestowed upon a person, the evil which is in the person’s heart will affect the person he is envying. This can be seen in a Hadith: “Amir bin Rabi’ah once saw Sahl bin Hunaif take a bath and said, “By Allah! I have never seen the skin of a virgin that is softer than what I have just seen.” Sahl then fell to the ground. The Prophet then came to Amir while angry and said to him: ” Why would one of you kill his own brother? Why have you not said Tabrik [Baraka Allah, (بارك الله- May Allah bless it)]? Take a bath for it.” Amir then washed his face, hands, elbows, knees, feet and a part of his garment in a pot for what he had done and then poured the used water on Sahl. Soon after, Sahl started moving about with the people.” (Nasai) (Ibn Majah) (Hakim) (Ibn Hibban) This incident is why we should all adopt the practice of saying this upon seeing a fellow Muslim’s bounty, which Allah has given them. Be it beauty, intellect, wealth, children or anything else. If a person fears that they would cause a person harm with their eyes then he should say “Allahumma Barik alaih (Oh Allah! Bless him)” this will fend off the evil eye. Some scholars say “Ma sha’ Allah (what Allah has willed)” or “La Quwwata illa Billah (There is no power except from Allah) also fend off the evil eye. Allah knows best.
If any doubts still exist in regards to the evil eye, know that the Prophet of Allah has stated: “The evil eye is true, and if there is anything that would precede Predestination, it would be the evil eye” (Muslim) The messenger of Allah has indeed spoken the truth, as even today many people are harmed due to the evil eye. Many don’t even know the person who has harmed them. That is why we should not announce our bounties to the world, we should refrain from posting so many pictures of ourselves online, lest the evil of the Envier harms us. Especially parents who have a habit of uploading whole albums of their newborn babies online, you do not know will be looking at you children with malicious intent. Protect them from it.
The Prophet also used to seek Protection from the evil eye: “The Prophet used to seek refuge from the Jinn and the evil eye of mankind” (Tirmidhi) (Nasai) Even Allah has told his Prophet: “Say: I seek refuge with (Allah), the Lord of the daybreak, from the evil of what He has created, and from the evil of the darkening (night) as it comes with its darkness; (or the moon as it sets or goes away), and from the evil of those who practise witchcraft when they blow in the knots, and from the evil of the envier when he envies” (113: 1-5) Envy is indeed a very dangerous thing, it is an illness which afflicts many. That is why we should supplicate to Allah to save us from it.
The Prophet of Allah used to allow certain Islamic prayer formulas for a person to be protected from the evil eye: “The Prophet has allowed using Islamic prayer formulas (Ruqyah, divine remedy) against fever, the evil eye and sores” (Muslim) These prayer formulas must be found in the Quran and Sunnah. Some will be listed below:
- Reciting the Mu’awwithataan (chapters 113 and 114 of the Quran)
- Reciting Ayat Al-Kursi (2:225)
- Reciting: “أَعـوذُبِكَلِمـاتِ اللّهِ التّـامّـاتِ مِنْ شَـرِّ ما خَلَـق A’oodhu bi kalimat-illah il-tammati min sharri ma khalaqa (I seek refuge in the perfect words of Allah from the evil of that which He has created).” (Muslim)
- Reciting: “أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللهِ التَّامَّةِ. مِنْ غَضَبِهِ، وَعِقَابِهِ، وَشَرِّ عِبَادِهِ، وَمِنْ هَمَزَاتِ الشَّيَاطِينِ، وَأَنْ يَحْضُرُونِ A’oodhu bi kalimat-illah il-tammati min ghadabihi wa ‘iqabihi, wa min sharri ‘ibadihi wa min hamazat al-shayateeni wa an yahduroon (I seek refuge in the perfect words of Allah from His wrath and punishment, from the evil of His slaves and from the evil promptings of the devils and from their presence).” (Tirmidhi)
- Reciting: ” أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللهِ التَّامَّةِ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْطَانٍ وَهَامَّةٍ، وَمِنْ كُلِّ عَيْنٍ لَامَّةٍ A’oodhu bi kalimat-illah il-tammati min kulli shaytaanin wa haammah wa min kulli ‘aynin laammah” (Bukhari)
These are only a few of the numerous supplications found against evil eye in the Quran and Sunnah. These are, however, dependent on the person who reads them, in accordance to their degree of faith, strength of soul, strength of heart and degree of reliance on Allah. Think of them as weapons, they rely upon the skill of the wielder; just as in real life, where even a stick is deadly in the hands of a master swordsman, and a great sword is useless in the hands of one who doesn’t have the skill to wield it. But if Allah does not will for them to work then they are useless, that is why beseeching Allah is of utmost importance.
May Allah shield us and our loved ones from evil eye. May he stop us from ever afflicting others with evil eye. May he remove the harms suffered by those whom have been afflicted by evil eye. Ameen.